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In absolute terms, 109 000 persons were granted refugee status in the EU-27 in 2019 at first instance, 52 000 were given subsidiary protection status, and 45 100 were given authorisation to … More than 120,000 irregular migrants and refugees arrived in the EU this year, mostly by sea. How many people arrived in Europe in 2019 without papers? Though refugee and subsidiary protection status are defined by EU law, humanitarian reasons are specific to national legislation and are not applicable in some of the EU Member States. In 2016 the number levelled off at around 1.2 million. Data extracted on 16 March 2020 and 26 May 2020 (parts on applications by unaccompanied minors and decisions on asylum applications). However, there were a few exceptions to this pattern: Germany, Estonia, Lithuania, Hungary, Austria and Poland reported a higher proportion of asylum applicants less than 18 years old. however, was roughly the same in 2019 and 2018. (²) 2008: Bulgaria, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Austria, Romania, Slovakia and Finland not available. Greece saw a dramatic increase in arrivals, while arrivals in Italy and Spain declined. Since 2008 data have been provided to Eurostat under the provisions of Article 4 of Regulation (EC) 862/2007; most of the statistics presented in this article were collected within this regulatory framework. The next high numbers of applicants of a single citizenship in 2019 were also observed in Germany (13 700 applicants from Iraq and 10 800 from Turkey), Greece (10 800 applicants from Syria) and France (10 000 applicants from Afghanistan). Half or more of refugees during this time came from Asia, with many from Iraq and Burma (Myanmar). Mediterranean, where the death toll is much higher than in the Eastern Mediterranean migration: more arrivals in Greece, fewer in Rejection. The number of migrants who died on this route (relative to years. The European migrant crisis, also known as the refugee crisis, was a period characterised by high numbers of people arriving in the European Union (EU) overseas from across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe. Europe also played a crucial role in developing a set of rules and norms regulating human mobility in the region. between Algeria and Spain. In 2016 the numbers fell to 65,500, and there was a further fall in 2017 to 32,335, and in 2018 to 20,320, still significantly higher than for any year before 2014. In the majority of EU-27 Member States, in 2019 the share of minors that was unaccompanied was less than 20%. Among EU-27 Member States, the highest shares of positive final decisions out of the total number of final decisions in 2019 were recorded in Bulgaria (67.7 %), followed by Austria (55.7 %), Ireland (48.9 %), the Netherlands (48.0 %) and Finland (44.9 %). Altogether, 3.4% of authorisations to stay for humanitarian reasons, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), EU study on reception policies, as well as return and integration arrangements for unaccompanied minors, Dublin statistics on countries responsible for asylum application, Enforcement of immigration legislation statistics, Residence permits - statistics on first permits issued during the year, Migration and migrant population statistics, Population and population change statistics, All publications on asylum and managed migration, Decisions on applications and resettlement, European Commission — DG Migration and Home Affairs — Common European asylum system, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Asylum_statistics&oldid=496368. One factor that could explain this decrease is the fact that 2009: Bulgaria, Greece, Spain, Croatia. 2010: Bulgaria, Greece, Croatia, Luxembourg, Hungary, Austria, Romania and Finland not available. Roughly 473,000 first-time asylum applications were filed in countries that belong to the European Union between January and September 2019, according to Eurostat. In 2019, 540 800 first instance decisions on asylum applications were made in the EU-27 Member States and a further 296 600 final decisions following an appeal. More than a million migrants and refugees crossed into Europe in 2015, compared with just 280,000 the year before. While the number of people who crossed the Aegean Sea from increase in arrivals in the second half of 2019 – between July and November, The statistics are based on administrative sources and are supplied to Eurostat by statistical authorities, home office ministries/ministries of the interior or related immigration agencies in the EU Member States. The largest drop in the number of applicants was observed for nationals of Iraq (9 500 fewer, or -26.2 %) and of Syria (5 700 fewer, or -7.1 %) [2]. More than a injuries, hypothermia and exhaustion (suffered by migrants who tried to cross a In 2018, there As media attention has slowly faded, so have the thoughts of many people toward the refugee crises in Europe. Mediterranean. Data on decisions on asylum applications are available for two instance levels, namely first instance decisions and final decisions taken in appeal or review. Some 40 300 Venezuelans (the highest number of applicants from a single country to one of the EU-27 Member States in 2019) and 28 900 Colombians applied for protection in Spain, while Afghans accounted for 23 700 applicants in Greece. Almost one in three (27%) of these came from Syria, while people from Afghanistan (14%) and Venezuela (13%) were also in the top three. The European Commission’s policy plan on asylum (COM(2008) 360 final) was presented in June 2008 which included three pillars to underpin the development of the CEAS: With this in mind, in 2009 the European Commission made a proposal to establish a European Asylum Support Office (EASO). in 2019 was comparatively low on the 'eastern route'’ between Turkey and Rejection rate. happened on the 'central route' – though it accounted less than 14% of all It was followed by France (119 900, or 19.6 %), Spain (115 200, or 18.8 %), ahead of Greece (74 900, or 12.2 %) and Italy (35 000, or 5.7 %). how many people attempted the crossing in the first place) also decreased in (2018: In 2019, the number of Syrian first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 fell to 74 400 from 80 000 in 2018, while the share of Syrians in the EU-27 total dropped from 14.6 % to 12.1 %. 2012: Croatia, Hungary and Austria not available. A total of 105,425 migrants arrived in Europe by crossing was 186,788; in 2016, it was 390,456; and in 2015, there were more than a migrants who attempted that crossing died. This article describes recent developments in relation to numbers of asylum applicants and decisions on asylum applications in the European Union (EU). 2,140 asylum applications by refugees were received in 2019 in Norway - according to UNHCR. Many European countries see more people arrive than depart, and net migration is especially high in the economic heartland of Western Europe. This age distribution of asylum applicants was common in almost all of the EU-27 Member States, with the largest share of applicants being those aged 18–34. A total of 2,247 decisions have been made on initial applications. As a complement to this action plan, the European Migration Network has produced a comprehensive EU study on reception policies, as well as return and integration arrangements for unaccompanied minors. A staggering number of Syrians have escaped to neighboring Turkey, which in 2018 supported a Syrian refugee population that exceeded 3.6 million people. This increase was largely due to an Planned article update: mid-March 2021 and late April 2021 (parts on applications by unaccompanied minors and final decisions). million arrivals. Table 1 provides an overview of the five largest groups of first-time asylum applicants (by citizenship) in each of the EU-27 Member States, the United Kingdom and the EFTA countries. Most of them came from Syria, Turkey and from Eritrea. According to IOM, 144,282 people arrived in 2018; in 2017, that number The first includes asylum seekers who have lodged a claim (asylum application) and whose claim is under consideration by a relevant authority. migrants and asylum seekers who arrived in Europe In April, the government announced that Germany would accept 4,600 resettled refugees in 2018 and 5,600 in 2019 as a contribution towards an EU … This is for the sake of the refugees but also for Europeans themselves. Italy's then-interior minister Matteo Salvini, At least 40 feared dead or missing in shipwreck off Libya, according to UNHCR, More unaccompanied minors among migrants rescued at sea, NGO, Open Arms rescues a further 77 migrants in the Mediterranean. The most popular point-of-entry countries into the European (In 2017, that number was 3,139; 5,141 in 2016; 4,041 The EASO became fully operational in June 2011 and has worked to increase its capacity, activity and influence, working with the European Commission and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). The Central Mediterranean region saw 14,500 migrant arrivals Around 91 000 people in the EU-27 received positive final decisions based on appeal or review in 2019, of which 33 200 were granted refugee status, 30 000 were granted subsidiary protection, and a further 27 900 were granted humanitarian status. Since the entry into force of Regulation (EC) 862/2007, statistics on asylum decisions have become available for different stages of the asylum procedure. Which were around 72% answered positively. EU-wide figures regarding both "legal" migration Turkey to Greece doubled compared to 2018, the number of people taking the The Decisions made at the first instance resulted in 206 000 persons being granted protection status, while a further 91 000 received protection status on appeal. Crossing the Mediterranean: still perilous despite fewer Based on a global estimate from IDMC. The data arrived as the European Commission is expected, by the end of this month, to present its proposal for reform of EU migration and asylum rules. Among Member States with more than 5 000 first-time asylum seekers in 2019, the number of first time applicants rose most in relative terms compared with the previous year in Spain (+118.4 %, or 62 400 more first-time asylum seekers in 2019 than in 2018), Cyprus (+66.8 %, or 5 100 more), ahead of Sweden (+27.9 %, or 5 000 more), Belgium (+27.4 %, or 5 000 more), Greece (+15.3 %, or 9 900 more), the Netherlands (+9.9 %, or 2 000 more) and France (+7.6 %, or 8 500 more). First instance decisions are decisions granted by the respective authority acting as a first instance of the administrative/judicial asylum procedure in the receiving country. Refugees and Migrants in Europe - 2019 Update. It's worth to note here that while migrant rescue missions – Please enable JavaScript in your browser for better use of the website. That's far fewer than in 2018, Greek islands last saw arrival numbers like that in early 2016, before the Member State data refer to the number of persons applying for asylum for the first time in that Member State. IOM estimates that there were at least At the end of 2019, there were 26.0 million refugees and 45.7 million internally displaced persons worldwide (UNHCR figures). Italy's then-interior minister Matteo Salvini – did draw a lot of media attention, the vast majority of migrant sea arrivals More precisely, in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, E… get into the EU – that's about one fifth of the total number of people. In March 2019, the European Commission declared the migrant crisis to be at an end, although displaced people continued to arrive. EU states were given until September 26 2017 to comply. 2011: Croatia, Hungary, Austria and Finland not available. Migrant deaths within Europe: Highest number since 2015, There were 123 people who died on their migration journeys More than three quarters (77.3 %) of the first-time asylum seekers in the EU-27 in 2019 were less than 35 years old (see Figure 4); those in the age range 18–34 years accounted for slightly less than half (47.0 %) of the total number of first-time applicants, while almost one third (30.3 %) of the total number of first-time applicants were minors aged less than 18 years. 27th July 2020 | News. The number of people who have been reported dead or missing He urged member countries to show solidarity with the likes of Greece, Italy and Hungary by taking 160,000 refugees off their hands. European Union without a visa or similar documentation. Only five Member States recorded higher rates: Romania (34.5 %), Cyprus (46.9 %), Slovakia (69.8 %), Bulgaria (71.8 %) and Slovenia (80.2 %). The European Commission released updated statistics about the numbers of refugees and migrants who tried to make their way to Europe in 2018, via the Mediterranean sea. with between 6,000 and 11,000 migrants arriving on average each month. Europe in 2019 using irregular migration routes did so by crossing the Mediterranean Sea, data from both IOM and Frontex shows. For the purpose of this analysis only the top 30 countries of citizenship in terms of the number of first-time applicants for asylum were considered. Syrians accounted for the largest number of applicants in seven of the 27 EU Member States, including 39 300 applicants in Germany. crossings. Germany reported 22,255 applications. 38 % of EU-27 first instance asylum decisions resulted in positive outcomes in 2019. As Figure 1 presents, between 2008 and 2012 there was a gradual increase in the number of asylum applications within the EU-27, after which the number of asylum seekers rose at a more rapid pace, with 400 500 applications in 2013, 594 200 in 2014 and around 1.3 million in 2015. decreased significantly. This plan aims to set-up a coordinated approach and commits all EU Member States to grant high standards of reception, protection and integration for unaccompanied minors. It is granted to a person who is unable to seek protection in his/her country of citizenship and/or residence, in particular for fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion. Among the youngest age group (0–13 years), males accounted for 51.2 % of the total number of applicants in 2019. However, the applied methodology defines that final decisions should refer to what is effectively a final decision in the vast majority of cases: in other words, once all normal routes of appeal have been exhausted and there is no possibility to appeal on the substance of the decision but only on procedural grounds. migration to the European Union, i.e. Italy, Spain. It puts forward the idea of a common European asylum system (CEAS), in particular, it raises the challenge to establish common procedures and uniform status for those granted asylum or subsidiary protection. In July 2016, the European Commission put forward a second set of proposals related to the reform of the CEAS, for example to establish a resettlement framework for the EU (COM(2016) 468 final) and a common procedure for international protection (COM(2016) 467 final) as well as a recast of the legislation on the standards for the reception of applicants for international protection (COM(2016) 465 final). A total of 95,176 decisions have been made on initial applications. current rate. neighboring states as it has become difficult for migrants to cross into in a truck in the UK – a grizzly discovery that brought worldwide attention to 10% of all refugees and only a fraction of internally displaced persons were living in the EU. deadliest migration routes worldwide. The share of refugees in the EU is 0.6% compared to the total population . Croatia, which many migrants try to cross in a bid to make it from the Balkans Route'. Crossing the Mediterranean Sea continues to be one of the The share of positive final decisions based on appeal or review (30.7 %; see Figure 9) was lower in the EU-27 in 2019 than for first instance decisions (38.1 %; see Figure 8). Subs. (58,525). Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! 142,458 asylum applications by refugees were received in 2019 in Germany - according to UNHCR. The main contributions to this increase were higher numbers of applicants from Venezuela, Colombia and Afghanistan, (see Figure 2). Greece/Cyprus: just 71 migrants, according to IOM. Consisting of more than 2.0 million new individual asylum claims and 382,200 refugees recognized on a prima facie or group basis. This includes the 39 Vietnamese migrants who were found dead That means that 0.1% Turkey is now taking steps to thin the number of refugees in its urban centers, recently moving more than 6,000 Syrians from Istanbul to temporary housing in other provinces. twice as many as in 2019. Eurostat produces statistics on a range of issues relating to international migration. arrived by land; the ratio of people who arrived by land and sea, respectively, Among the causes of death for the other 84 people were has been falling steadily since 2016, though less notably so in the past two Throughout history, the region has been a central part of global migration systems which its States helped to establish and shape, mainly through mercantilist and colonial expansions. Since fiscal 1980, 55% of refugees have come from Asia, a far higher share than from Europe (28%), Africa (13%) or Latin America (4%). rate. nearly a third of them (202,945) were children. Union by land included Greece and Bulgaria, which both border on Turkey, and The need to seek international protection is one of the main reasons that forces people to cross borders. 40% of sea arrivals are women and children 40 percent of individuals arriving to Europe by sea in 2019 are women and children. when 24,815 people arrived that way. 28 percent of asylum applications have been rejected in the first instance. crossings, standoff between the Sea-Watch 3 and its captain Carola Rackete with Most migrants arrived by sea, taking the dangerous 'Mediterranean the plight of Vietnamese migrant workers. However, Significantly fewer people seem to have died on the and the Western Mediterranean Route (from Morocco and Algeria to Spain) In all, there were about 134,000 migrant arrivals to Europe in 2018, which is actually a significant decrease from 2017, which saw … almost twice as many as in 2018 (33,536). Between 1986 and 2007, data on asylum was collected on the basis of a gentlemen’s agreement. Europe Missions. Refugees in Europe. pattern and migration within the EU are not yet fully available for 2019. With 142 400 applicants registered in 2019, Germany accounted for 23.3 % of all first-time applicants in the EU-27. We take a look at clandestine and irregular migration movements to Europe in 2019. Greece saw a dramatic increase in arrivals, while arrivals in Italy and Spain declined. An unaccompanied minor is a person less than 18 years old who arrives on the territory of an EU-27 Member State not accompanied by an adult responsible for the minor or a minor who is left unaccompanied after having entered the territory of a Member State. IOM data shows that there are over 200,000 migrants stuck across were 2,299 migrants reported dead or missing in the Mediterranean – almost The EU-27 aggregate includes 2018 data for Spain. This page has been accessed 326,532 times. Figure 8 provides an analysis of the outcome of first instance decisions. people trying to cross the central Mediterranean died. Also in 2019, EU countries granted protection to 295,800 asylum seekers, down from 333,400 in 2018, which was almost 40% lower than in 2017 (533,000). 2019, down to 0.7%. Among the most numerous groups of citizenship of first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 in 2019, the most substantial increase in the number of applications in comparison with 2018 was recorded for nationals of Venezuela (22 600 applications more, or +101.9 %), followed by nationals of Colombia (21 800 more, or +216.7 %) and Afghanistan (13 600 more, or +34.8 %). More than 120,000 irregular migrants and refugees arrived in the EU this year, mostly by sea. Central Mediterranean Route (mainly from Libya and Tunisia to Italy and Malta) In 2019 there were 14 100 applications[3] in the EU-27 from unaccompanied minors; 7.1 % of all minors were unaccompanied (see Figure 6). Persons may however apply for international protection in more than one Member State in a given reference year. Applicants in 2019. The 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the status of refugees (as amended by the 1967 New York Protocol) has, for around 70 years, defined who is a refugee, and laid down a common approach towards refugees that has been one of the cornerstones for the development of a common asylum system within the EU. AMIF has effectively and successfully supported the Union's common response to the migration crisis, while also providing a sign of solidarity to the Member States on the frontline. 3,170 migrant fatalities worldwide in 2019 (as of December 19). Prot. 165,938. to Italy or Malta; 516 between Libya and Italy/Malta. "Mediterranean Route" this past year than in the past. Which were around 46% answered positively. Full-time statisticians in UNHCR's Field Information and Coordination Section track the number of people forced to flee so that when a major displacement crisis erupts Two different categories of persons should be taken into account when analysing asylum statistics. 584 reported missing or dead In 2019 alone, there have already been 27,301 sea arrivals in Italy, Greece, Spain, Cyprus and Malta. Refugee status. 54 percent of asylum applications have been rejected in the first instance. For many, Europe may not be their intended destination when they set out on their journey: most head for neighbouring countries at first, but the abuse they experience along the way compels them to push on towards Europe. That's the highest number since 2015, fewer people attempted to cross the Western and especially the Central in a clandestine manner in 2019 (as of December 23) crossed a land border to In particular, the European Commission offers Member States continued financial support under the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF). Across the EU-27, female applicants outnumbered male applicants in 2019 for asylum applicants aged 65 and over, although this group was relatively small, accounting for just 0.8 % (0.5 % females and 0.3 % males) of the total number of first-time applicants. the border. arrivals in 2019 – the number of arrivals in 2018 was more than twice as high In March 2019, the European Commission reported on the progress made over the past 4 years and set out the measures still required to address immediate and future migration challenges (COM/2019/126 final). Nearly four years after almost 1 million refugees were welcomed into the country, Germany has quietly been closing the window on asylum applications and ramping up deportations. 227 migrants were reported dead or missing on their way from Tunisia Updated 9:26 AM EDT, Wed June 19, 2019 (CNN) — More than ... “However, we must not forget that 91% of the refugees do not live in the European Union, but are often admitted to … in Europe were "independent" landings, which means that migrants In April 2016, the European Commission adopted a Communication (COM(2016) 197 final) launching the process for a reform of the CEAS. Disclaimer: This article focuses on clandestine and irregular Of the conflicts raging across the globe in 2019, the Syrian civil war accounted for the largest share of international refugees and asylum seekers, 6.6 million. Total. There was the Balkans right now, in particular in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Serbia. The swell of Syrians has pushed Turke… The seventeenth annual report from the Spa- nish Commission for Refugees (CEAR) analyses the situation of refugees in the world, the Euro-pean Union, and mainly in Spain over 2018. That's because in 2014 and 2015 the majority of refugees and migrants arriving in the EU entered Greece from Turkey, using a much shorter sea route, … In 2019, 38.1 % of EU-27 first instance asylum decisions resulted in positive outcomes, that is grants of refugee or subsidiary protection status, or an authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons. Since 2013, Syria remains the main country of citizenship of asylum seekers in the EU-27. This included options for a fair and sustainable system for allocating asylum applicants among EU Member States, a further harmonisation of asylum procedures and standards to create a level playing field across the EU and thereby reduce pull factors inducing irregular secondary movements, and a strengthening of the mandate of the EASO. In 2017, the number of asylum applications marked a significant decrease of 44.5 % in comparison with 2016, and continued a downward path also in 2018. A first-time applicant for international protection is a person who lodged an application for asylum for the first time in a given EU Member State and therefore excludes repeat applicants (in that Member State) and so more accurately reflects the number of newly arrived persons applying for international protection in the reporting Member State. slightly higher number of land arrivals in the previous year when 26,806 people Europe has been a crossroads of human mobility since ancient times. Mediterranean. By far the largest number of decisions (both first and final) was issued in Germany (see Figure 7), accounting for 28.5 % of the total first instance decisions and 44.2 % of the total final decisions in the EU-27 in 2019. the Mediterranean Sea in 2019, according to IOM (as of December 19). third of that – 1,246 migrants – are estimated to have died in the In absolute terms, 109 000 persons were granted refugee status in the EU-27 in 2019 at first instance, 52 000 were given subsidiary protection status, and 45 100 were given authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons. The Western Mediterranean Route meanwhile saw 24,759 Since 1999, the EU has worked towards creating a common European asylum regime in accordance with the Geneva Convention and other applicable international instruments. … 2013: Austria not available. Migration to Europe in 2019: Facts and figures. This page was last modified on 2 September 2020, at 07:29. The death rate here was 1.5%. Refugee rate. In May 2010, the European Commission presented an action plan for unaccompanied minors (COM(2010) 213 final), who are regarded as the most exposed and vulnerable victims of migration. 2019 Report Refugees in Spain and Europe. Since asylum procedures and the number/levels of decision making bodies differ among the EU Member States, the true final instance may be, according to the national legislation and administrative procedures, a decision of the highest national court. 116; 2017: 97; 2016: 60; 2015: 135). landed without the aid of NGO boats, coast guard vehicles or the like. Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asyappctza). bringing more harmonisation to standards of protection by further aligning the EU Member States’ asylum legislation; effective and well-supported practical cooperation; increased solidarity and sense of responsibility among EU Member States, and between the EU and non-member countries. 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